A renal cell carcinoma prognosis can be different for everyone, but it is still not the most important that one can understand about the disease. It is equality important to have a general understanding of what renal cell carcinoma is, how it progesses, what symptoms to look for, and how it can be treated. The condition is also called hypernephroma, and it is a kidney cancer that begins in the small tubes of the kidney.
Risk factors include being a cigarette smoker, being obese, having hypertension, having a family history of renal cell carcinoma or other cancers, and having had a hysterectomy. If an individual possesses any of these risk factors, he or she should be sure to tell a doctor about them. The doctor will then be able to ask additional questions and decide how often screenings for the disease are needed. Sceenings and regular check ups are the best way to catch the disease early on and to treat it before it progresses further or it gets too serious.
There are a wide array of signs and symptoms of the disease that can occur. It should be noted that these do not always occur and that individuals are asymptomatic, another reason why regular check ups are so important. While the symptoms may not be related to renal cell carcinoma, their presence usually does indicate a serious problem, so it is important that one informs a doctor of any signs experienced and that they are treated even if they are not being caused by carcinoma. Things to watch out for include abnormal colored urine or blood in the urine; pain in the loins; a mass in the abdomen; malaise; sudden weight loss; anorexia nervosa; polcythemia; developing anemia; the enlargement of one testicle, usually the left; changes or abnormalities in vision; pallor; plethora; excessive hair growth in women; constipation, diarrhea or other bowel changes or disturbances; paraneoplastic, non metastatic liver disease or Stauffer Syndrome; and the development of night sweats or other sleep disturbances.
In most cases, the disease does not respond to radiation therapy and chemotherapy, the traditional methods of treating cancer. These are not used in metastatic renal cell carcinoma treatment. Some occurences of carcinoma do respond well to immunotherapy or targeted cancer therapies. Possible therapies include suntinib, temsirolimus, bevacizumab, interferon-alpha, and sorafenib. The prognosis for those with a tumor confined to the renal parenchyma is approximately five years, though this does not include cases where metastatic renal cell carcinoma treatment was the goal.
If treatment is successful, individuals must continue to have regular check ups and screenings for renal cell carcinoma in order to fight against future occurences of the disease. A doctor is the only one who can decide how often checks should be performed, and his or her advice should be followed religiously. Quitting smoking, eating a balanced diet, and losing weight if necessary are all imperative after recovering from carcinoma. It is important to note that a renal cell carcinoma prognosis is never definite, so patients should keep up good habits.